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General Information About Turkey

Turkey is a country experiences the four seasons, which gives a quality education and has natural beauty, a deep-rooted history and a rich culture. Neighbors are Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria. The three sides are surrounded by the seas. There are Black Sea in the North, Aegean Sea in the west and Mediterranean in the south. Turkey is encountered in three different climate types. The Mediterranean climate with the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean coast, the Black Sea climate with the Black Sea coast, and the Continental climate with the inner and eastern regions are dominant.


Important Informations

Official Language: Turkish
Major Cities: Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir
Capital city: Ankara
Population: 79,814,871 (January 2017)
Currency: Turkish Lira (TL)
Time Slice: Eastern Europe (UTC + 2)
International Phone Code: +90
Hours: Weekdays in Turkey is between Monday and Friday. Most of the banks, government departments and private company branches are open between 8.30 and 17.30.
Telephone Lines: There are 3 big phone lines in Turkey. Turkcell, Vodafone, Turk Telekom.


Cell Phone Records

If you bring your phone after arriving in Turkey, you must enroll within 120 days. In this case, visit the subscription center of any mobile phone company (Turk Telekom, Turkcell, Vodafone) and tell the staff that you want to register your personal mobile phone. You can receive a prepaid line from the subscriber record center or from any mobile phone company dealer.


Official Vacations

1st January (New year holiday)
April 23 (National Sovereignty and Children's Day)
May 1 (Labor and Solidarity Day)
May 19 (Atatürk Commemoration, Youth and Sports Day)
July 15 (Commemoration Day for Democracy and Freedoms)
August 30 (Victory Day)
October 29 (Republic Day)
15-16-17 June 2018 (Ramadan Feast)
21-22-23-24 September 2018 (Feast of Sacrifice)


Emergency Phones

155: Police
112: Emergency Service
110: Fire brigade
114: Toxicity
122: AFAD
156: Gendarmerie